WEF Gender Index

WEF’s Gender Index

WEF Gender Index Report for Competitive Exams

India fell five places in terms of women in the workforce to hit nearly the bottom of the rankings at 139 of 145 countries, its worst rank in this category since 2006.

Indian women have also regressed in terms of health and survival, placed at a lowly 143 out of 145. India is one of the three countries that have declined the furthest on the health and survival sub-index, the other two being China and Albania.

The WEF’s assessment of India’s ranking in terms of sex ratio at birth (143), a sub-indicator in the health and survival category, is unchanged from last year and is ahead only of China and Armenia.

On educational attainment—a fourth parameter in the overall gender index after political representation, economy and health—India has improved marginally, going up one place from 126 in 2014 to 125 this year.

The report said the female to male ratio in India’s labour force participation is 0.35 now against 0.36 in 2014. Income disparity is also high, with women earning an estimated average of $2,257 per year, compared with $9,175 for men.

For 2015, the top 10 ranked countries in terms of gender include the Scandinavian trio of Iceland, Finland and Norway. They are followed by Sweden and Ireland. One African country, Rwanda, comes in at number 7 and an Asian country, the Philippines ranks 9.

The Asia-Pacific top 10 include two South Asian countries—Bangladesh at 64 and Sri Lanka at 84.

India’s Gender Index Rank over the years

SAMPLE

INDEX ECONOMY EDUCATION HEALTH POLITICS
Year No. of countries Rank Score Rank Score Rank Score Rank Score Rank Score
2015 145 108 0.664 139 0.383 125 0.896 143 0.942 9 0.433
2014 142 114 0.646 134 0.410 126 0.850 141 0.937 15 0.385
2013 136 101 0.655 124 0.446 120 0.857 135 0.931 9 0.385
2012 135 105 0.644 123 0.459 121 0.852 134 0.931 17 0.334
2011 135 113 0.619 131 0.396 121 0.837 134 0.931 19 0.312
2010 134 112 0.615 128 0.403 120 0.837 132 0.931 23 0.291
2009 134 114 0.615 127 0.412 121 0.843 134 0.931 24 0.273
2008 130 113 0.606 125 0.399 116 0.845 128 0.931 25 0.248
2007 128 114 0.594 122 0.398 116 0.819 126 0.931 21 0.227
2006 115 98 0.601 110 0.397 102 0.819 103 0.962 20 0.227

The report says:

The magnitude of national gender gaps is the combined result of various socioeconomic, policy and cultural variables. Governments thus have a leading role to play as the closure or continuation of these gaps is intrinsically connected to the framework of national policies in place. The Index does not seek to set priorities for countries but rather to provide a comprehensive set of data and a clear method for tracking gaps on critical indicators so that countries may set priorities within their own economic, political and cultural contexts. In addition, governments must align their efforts with those of business and civil society to foster growth that includes both men and women. The World Economic Forum’s Global Challenge on Gender Parity seeks to promote public-private cooperation to close gender gaps, based in part on the analytical tools provided by this Report as well as others.

To download and read complete report visit weforum.org/reports