WEF Gender Index Report for Competitive Exams
India fell five places in terms of women in the workforce to hit nearly the bottom of the rankings at 139 of 145 countries, its worst rank in this category since 2006.
Indian women have also regressed in terms of health and survival, placed at a lowly 143 out of 145. India is one of the three countries that have declined the furthest on the health and survival sub-index, the other two being China and Albania.
The WEF’s assessment of India’s ranking in terms of sex ratio at birth (143), a sub-indicator in the health and survival category, is unchanged from last year and is ahead only of China and Armenia.
On educational attainment—a fourth parameter in the overall gender index after political representation, economy and health—India has improved marginally, going up one place from 126 in 2014 to 125 this year.
The report said the female to male ratio in India’s labour force participation is 0.35 now against 0.36 in 2014. Income disparity is also high, with women earning an estimated average of $2,257 per year, compared with $9,175 for men.
For 2015, the top 10 ranked countries in terms of gender include the Scandinavian trio of Iceland, Finland and Norway. They are followed by Sweden and Ireland. One African country, Rwanda, comes in at number 7 and an Asian country, the Philippines ranks 9.
The Asia-Pacific top 10 include two South Asian countries—Bangladesh at 64 and Sri Lanka at 84.
India’s Gender Index Rank over the years
|Year||No. of countries||Rank||Score||Rank||Score||Rank||Score||Rank||Score||Rank||Score|
The report says:
The magnitude of national gender gaps is the combined result of various socioeconomic, policy and cultural variables. Governments thus have a leading role to play as the closure or continuation of these gaps is intrinsically connected to the framework of national policies in place. The Index does not seek to set priorities for countries but rather to provide a comprehensive set of data and a clear method for tracking gaps on critical indicators so that countries may set priorities within their own economic, political and cultural contexts. In addition, governments must align their efforts with those of business and civil society to foster growth that includes both men and women. The World Economic Forum’s Global Challenge on Gender Parity seeks to promote public-private cooperation to close gender gaps, based in part on the analytical tools provided by this Report as well as others.
To download and read complete report visit weforum.org/reports