General Knowledge – Awards – June-August 2016

Current General Knowledge for General Awareness Paper of competitive exams

Arjuna Award 2016
Rajat Chauhan (archery), Lalita Babar (athletics), Sourav Kothari (billiards and snooker), Shiva Thapa (boxing), Ajinkya Rahane (cricket), Subrata Paul (football), Rani (hockey), VR Raghunath (hockey), Gurpreet Singh (shooting), Apurvi Chandela (shooting), Soumyajit Ghosh (table tennis), Vinesh (wrestling), Amit Kumar (wrestling), Sandeep Singh Mann (para-athletics), Virender Singh (wrestling, deaf).

Ashok Chakra 2016
Havildar Hangpan Dada, 36, who died in Kupwara on 27 May 2016, after killing three terrorists, has been awarded Ashok Chakra 2016. He hailed from Boduria village in Arunachal Pradesh.

Dhyan Chand Award 2016
Satti Geetha (athletics), Sylvanus Dung Dung (hockey) and Rajendra Prahlad Shelke (rowing).

Dronacharya Award 2016
Dipa Karmakar’s coach, Bishweshwar Nandi, Nagapuri Ramesh (athletics), Sagar Mal Dhayal (boxing), Raj Kumar Sharma (cricket), S. Pradeep Kumar (swimming-lifetime) and Mahabir Singh (wrestling-lifetime).

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy 2015-16
Punjabi University of Patiala has been awarded the trophy.

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award 2016
Olympic medallists P.V. Sindhu and Sakshi Malik; ace gymnast Dipa Karmakar, who lost a medal by a whisker; and shooter Jitu Rai. This was for the first time the nation’s highest sporting award was conferred on four athletes.

Ramon Magsaysay Award 2016
Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers for “building a world of genuine solidarity”; Bezwada Wilson (India) for “asserting the inalienable right to a life of human dignity”. He was born to a dalit family in Kolar Gold Fields township in Karnataka. Although his family had been engaged in manual scavenging for generations, he was spared the labour to be the first in his family to pursue higher education. Treated as an outcast in school and acutely aware of his family’s lot, he was filled with great anger, but he channelled this anger to a crusade to eradicate manual scavenging; Dompet Dhuafa (Indonesia), for “redefining the landscape of zakat-based philanthropy in Indonesia, unleashing the potential of the Islamic faith to uplift, irrespective of their creed, the lives of millions”. Zakat (“charity”) is the obligatory tax on an adult Muslim’s wealth, that is dedicated every year to helping the poor and needy. DD’s (short for “Dompet Dhuafa”) economic projects have included building public facilities, support for small and medium enterprises, farm production and marketing assistance, a bank providing preferential loans to the poor, and a training-and-support program that has upgraded the capacities of hundreds of microfinance groups in Indonesia;  Conchita Carpio-Morales (Philippines), for “her moral courage and commitment to justice in taking head-on one of the most intractable problems in the Philippines, promoting by her example of incorruptibility, diligence, vision and leadership, the highest ethical standards in public service”; Vientiane Rescue (Laos), for “its heroic work in saving Laotian lives in a time and place of great need, under the most deprived of circumstances, inspiring by their passionate humanitarianism a similar generosity of spirit in many others”; T.M. Krishna (India), for his forceful commitment as artist and advocate to art’s power to heal India’s deep social divisions, breaking barriers of caste and class to unleash what music has to offer not just for some but for all”.

 

Persons in News – June-August 2016

General Awareness Paper Resource – Persons in News

Ashok Patnaik: He has been appointed as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID). The NATGRID is a centralised agency which stores sensitive personal information on citizens from almost two dozen agencies to be made available for counter-terror investigations.

Banwarilal Purohit: He has been appointed as Governor of Assam.

Bardish Chagger: Indian-origin MP, she became Canada’s first female Leader of the Government in the House of Commons.

Dipika Karmakar: The Tripura-girl is India’s first woman gymnast to qualify for the Olympics. She scripted history as she became the first Indian to make the cut for the individual vault finals in her debut Olympic Games at Rio.

Jagdish Mukhi: He has been appointed as the Lieutenant Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Kartik Sawhney and Neha Swain: They have won the Queen’s Young Leaders Award 2016, that honours people from Commonwealth nations for their exemplary work. While Sawhney founded Project STEMAccess for universal access to education, Swain founded an NGO to provide an inclusive space to people from all backgrounds.

Leander Paes: He is the only tennis player in the world and the first Indian to make a seventh appearance at the Olympics. He had won the bronze medal for India in singles tennis at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics.

Mahasweta Devi: Eminent Bengali writer and social activist, she died on 28 July 2016, at age 90. She was a recipient of the Sahitya Akademi Award, Padma Vibhushan, Jnanpith and Magsaysay Award, among several others. Her notable works include Hajar Chaurashir Maa, Breast Stories and Tin Korir Sadh.  She was also known for her contribution towards the welfare of tribal people.

Manohar Aich: First person from independent India to win Mr Universe, he died on 5 June 2016, at age 102. He had won three gold medals in bodybuilding at the Asian Games, and was nicknamed “Pocket Hercules” as his height was four feet 11 inches.

Michel Temer: He has taken-over as President of Brazil following the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff by the Brazilian Senate.

Muhammad Ali: Boxing legend, he passed away aged 74 on 3 June 2016 after a 32-year-long battle with Parkinson’s disease.

Najma Heptulla: She has been appointed as Governor of Manipur.

Nasser Hussain: Former England captain, he has set a Guinness World Record for the highest catch of a cricket ball. The 48-year-old caught the cricket ball that was dropped using a drone from a height of 150 feet in windy conditions at the Lord’s stadium. The ball reached an approximate speed of 119 km/h before landing safely in the cricketer’s hands.

Pema Khandu: He has been elected as Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh.

Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda: Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Chairman, he was elected as the 39th Prime Minister of Nepal.

Radhika Menon, Captain:  She became the first ever woman in the world to receive the Award for Exceptional Bravery at Sea from the International Maritime Organisation, for saving the lives of seven fishermen.  She is also the first woman captain of the Indian Merchant Navy.

Rodrigo Duterte: He has been elected as the 16th President of the Philippines.

Shital Mahajan:  Indian sky-diver, she is the first woman in the world to execute a sky fall from both North and South Poles. She executed the sky-dive from the North Pole in 2004, and from the South Pole in 2006. The 34-year-old has five world records, 14 national records and over 650 jumps to her credit.

Sulabha Deshpande: Veteran film, theatre and television actress she passed away on 4 June 2016, at the age of 79. She was considered among those spearheading the experimental theatre movement in the 1970s.

Syed Haider Raza: Modern Indian artist, he passed away aged 94 on 23 July 2016, following prolonged illness. An internationally acclaimed painter, he was honoured with the Padma Shri in 1981 and was elected a Fellow of the Lalit Kala Academy in 1983. He had also been conferred with France’s highest civilian honour, the Commandeur de la Legion d’Honneur (Legion of Honour), in 2015.

Theresa May: She has been elected as Britain’s Prime Minister following resignation of Mr David Cameron. She is the second woman after Margaret Thatcher to become Britain’s Prime Minister.

Umesh Sachdev: A 30-year-old Indian entrepreneur, he has featured in TIME Magazine’s 2016 list of ‘10 millennials who are changing the world’. His Chennai-based start-up Uniphore makes software that allows people to interact with their phones and access services like e-banking in their native languages.

Urjit Ravindra Patel: He has been appointed as the 24th Governor of the Reserve Bank of India.

Vijay Rupani: He has been elected as the Chief Minister of Gujarat.

V.P. Singh Badnore: Former BJP MP from Rajasthan, he has been appointed as the Governor Punjab and Administrator of Union Territory of Chandigarh.

 

 

 

Current General Knowledge – Days & Years

World Oceans Day is observed on June 8. The 2016 theme was “Healthy Oceans, Healthy Planet” to encourage individuals and organizations across the planet to take action for prevention of plastic pollution in our oceans.

15 June is observed as World Elder Abuse Awareness Day.

World Refugee Day, a day dedicated by the United Nations to increase awareness about the situation of refugees, is celebrated worldwide on June 20 every year.

World Public Service Day, a day dedicated by the United Nations to “celebrate the value and virtue of public service to the community”, is observed on 23 June.

International Widows’ Day, a day dedicated by the United Nations “to give special recognition to the situation of widows of all ages and across regions and cultures”, is observed on 23 June.

August 7 has been declared as National Handloom Day to mark the Swadeshi movement, which was launched on this day in 1905. The movement involved revival of domestic products and production processes.

World Photo Day is observed annually on 19 August to acknowledge passion for photography.  World’s first photograph made in a camera was taken by French scientist Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in 1820s.

What is Climate change?

Officials from across the world are gathered in Paris, France, to try to hammer out a deal to tackle global warming. Here’s what we know and don’t know about the Earth’s changing climate.

What is climate change?

The planet’s climate has constantly been changing over geological time. The global average temperature today is about 15 degrees C, though geological evidence suggests it has been much higher and lower in the past.

However, the current period of warming is occurring more rapidly than many past events. Scientists are concerned that the natural fluctuation, or variability, is being overtaken by a rapid human-induced warming that has serious implications for the stability of the planet’s climate.

What is the “greenhouse effect”?

The greenhouse effect refers to the way the Earth’s atmosphere traps some of the energy from the Sun. Solar energy radiating back out to space from the Earth’s surface is absorbed by atmospheric greenhouse gases and re-emitted in all directions.The energy that radiates back down to the planet heats both the lower atmosphere and the surface. Without this effect, the Earth would be about 30 degrees C colder, making our planet hostile to life.

To read further CLICK HERE

Via: BBC News

current general knowledge for competitive exams
LiFi internet might just be 100 times faster than WiFi Science & Technology" >

LiFi internet might just be 100 times faster than WiFi Science & Technology

The pilot testing of LiFi internet, an alternative technology to WiFi, has proved that it can send data at up to 1GBps, according to a report in The Telegraph UK. This is almost 100 times faster than the present WiFi technology.

LiFi uses light to beam information via air. The technology was first discovered by Professor Harald Haas of the University of Edinburgh in 2011.

Professor Haas had talked about the idea on TED talks in 2011, which has seen 1.7 million views on YouTube.

 

WEF Gender Index

WEF’s Gender Index

WEF Gender Index Report for Competitive Exams

India fell five places in terms of women in the workforce to hit nearly the bottom of the rankings at 139 of 145 countries, its worst rank in this category since 2006.

Indian women have also regressed in terms of health and survival, placed at a lowly 143 out of 145. India is one of the three countries that have declined the furthest on the health and survival sub-index, the other two being China and Albania.

The WEF’s assessment of India’s ranking in terms of sex ratio at birth (143), a sub-indicator in the health and survival category, is unchanged from last year and is ahead only of China and Armenia.

On educational attainment—a fourth parameter in the overall gender index after political representation, economy and health—India has improved marginally, going up one place from 126 in 2014 to 125 this year.

The report said the female to male ratio in India’s labour force participation is 0.35 now against 0.36 in 2014. Income disparity is also high, with women earning an estimated average of $2,257 per year, compared with $9,175 for men.

For 2015, the top 10 ranked countries in terms of gender include the Scandinavian trio of Iceland, Finland and Norway. They are followed by Sweden and Ireland. One African country, Rwanda, comes in at number 7 and an Asian country, the Philippines ranks 9.

The Asia-Pacific top 10 include two South Asian countries—Bangladesh at 64 and Sri Lanka at 84.

India’s Gender Index Rank over the years

SAMPLE

INDEX ECONOMY EDUCATION HEALTH POLITICS
Year No. of countries Rank Score Rank Score Rank Score Rank Score Rank Score
2015 145 108 0.664 139 0.383 125 0.896 143 0.942 9 0.433
2014 142 114 0.646 134 0.410 126 0.850 141 0.937 15 0.385
2013 136 101 0.655 124 0.446 120 0.857 135 0.931 9 0.385
2012 135 105 0.644 123 0.459 121 0.852 134 0.931 17 0.334
2011 135 113 0.619 131 0.396 121 0.837 134 0.931 19 0.312
2010 134 112 0.615 128 0.403 120 0.837 132 0.931 23 0.291
2009 134 114 0.615 127 0.412 121 0.843 134 0.931 24 0.273
2008 130 113 0.606 125 0.399 116 0.845 128 0.931 25 0.248
2007 128 114 0.594 122 0.398 116 0.819 126 0.931 21 0.227
2006 115 98 0.601 110 0.397 102 0.819 103 0.962 20 0.227

The report says:

The magnitude of national gender gaps is the combined result of various socioeconomic, policy and cultural variables. Governments thus have a leading role to play as the closure or continuation of these gaps is intrinsically connected to the framework of national policies in place. The Index does not seek to set priorities for countries but rather to provide a comprehensive set of data and a clear method for tracking gaps on critical indicators so that countries may set priorities within their own economic, political and cultural contexts. In addition, governments must align their efforts with those of business and civil society to foster growth that includes both men and women. The World Economic Forum’s Global Challenge on Gender Parity seeks to promote public-private cooperation to close gender gaps, based in part on the analytical tools provided by this Report as well as others.

To download and read complete report visit weforum.org/reports

 

India joins 9 nations in building two-continent large telescope

India has joined a nine-nation consortium to build the world’s largest radio telescope, an instrument so large that it will span two continents and so sensitive that it could detect a radar signal from an airport on a planet 50 light-years away.

Several academic institutions, led by the National Centre for Radio Astronomy (NCRA), Pune, will contribute to the design and operations of the Square Kilometer Array (SKA), to be co-located in Australia and South Africa and expected to become operational in the early-2020s.

The SKA, coordinated by the UK-based SKA Organisation, will use several thousands of high-frequency dish antennas and even more medium and low-frequency antennas to scan the universe for radio signals. Two key scientific goals for the SKA would be to look for signals associated with the birth of the first stars in the infant universe and to test Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity in regions of extreme gravity–something never done before.